ARNON, DANIEL ISRAEL (1910–1994), U.S. biochemist. Born in Poland, Arnon received his B.Sc. in 1932 and his Ph.D. in plant physiology in 1936 from the University of California, Berkeley, where later he became professor of cell physiology and biochemistry. After military service in World War II, he set up and directed an experimental nutrient culture center on Ascension Island in the mid-Atlantic Ocean, for the United States Army Air Corps. Except for this military service and sabbatical leaves in England, Sweden, Germany, Switzerland, and Pacific Grove, California, he spent his entire career at Berkeley. His early research was concerned with the utilization of various trace elements by plants, and led to the elucidation of the role of such metals as molybdenum and vanadium. As a result, Arnon began his studies of photosynthesis in 1948. From 1951 until the end of his life, Arnon concentrated on photosynthesis. His major contribution to science dealt with the role of light, showing how light energy is converted by the green pigment (chlorophyll) in plants to chemical energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) by a phenomenon which he called photophosphorylation (photosynthetic phosphorylation), and he was the first to demonstrate complete photosynthesis outside the living cell (New York Times, December 30, 1954). Arnon received many awards for his pioneering work with photosynthesis. These included membership in the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and Academy of Arts and Sciences, election as a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1962), and membership in various international learned societies. (Sharon Zrachya (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Daniel I. Arnon — Daniel Israel Arnon (November 14, 1910 – December 20, 1994) was a Polish born American plant physiologist whose research led to greater insights into the operation of photosynthesis in plants. In 1973, he was awarded the National Medal of Science …   Wikipedia

  • Daniel I. Arnon — Daniel Israel Arnon (* 14. November 1910 in Warschau; † 20. Dezember 1994 in Berkeley, Kalifornien, USA) war ein US amerikanischer Biologe, Biochemiker und Pflanzenphysiologe von polnischer Abstammung. Arnon studierte an der University of… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arnon — Der Name Arnon bezeichnet mehrere Flüsse: Arnon (Schweiz) im Kanton Waadt Arnon (Cher), einen Nebenfluss des Cher Arnon (Jordanien), einen Fluss in Jordanien Arnon ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Arnon Grunberg (* 1971), niederländischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities — The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, based in Jerusalem, was set up in 1961 by the State of Israel to foster contact between scholars from the sciences and humanities in Israel, to advise the government on research projects of national… …   Wikipedia

  • Racism in Israel — Israeli protest in Pardes Hana against racism, 2010. The sign reads No to racism . Racism in Israel has been experienced by both Israeli Arabs and Israeli Jews. Israel has broad anti discrimination laws, which prohibit discrimination by both… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Israel Prize recipients — This is a partial list of winners of the Israel Prize.By year2008*David Weiss Halivni Talmud *Moshe Oren Biochemistry *Noga Alon Mathematics *Nissan Nativ Theater cite news |first=|last=|title=Nissan Nativ dead at 86: Prominent Israeli theater… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Ar — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

  • Biblical Geography —     Biblical Geography     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Biblical Geography     With the exception of the didactic literature, there is no book in the Bible which, to a greater or less extent, does not contain mention of, or allusions to, the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Académie israélienne des sciences et lettres — 31°46′13.73″N 35°12′56.74″E / 31.7704806, 35.2157611 …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.